History, Military Rule
Lanusse, inflationary spiral, military coup, junta, national elections
In elections in 1965, Peronist candidates made significant gains, although Illia’s party retained a 71-seat plurality in the lower house. Labor unrest continued into 1966, and the Peronistas continued to win victories in by-elections. The result was a military coup in June 1966. The junta that then took control named succeeding presidents, the third of whom, General Alejandro Augustin Lanusse, took office in 1971.
In the early months of his regime, Lanusse began moving toward a return to civilian rule. He announced an economic program designed to hold down the inflationary spiral, and scheduled national elections for March 1973. In 1972, however, the country became increasingly torn by violence, including strikes, student riots, and terrorist activities. The economy too was headed for a new crisis. The Peronistas had grown increasingly vocal, and they now nominated Peron for the presidency. He remained in Spain until after the date set for candidates to be resident in Argentina, however, and Hector J. Campora was nominated in his place.
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