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Economy, Agriculture, Fishing, and Forestry

plantains, cassava, chestnuts, citrus fruits, soybeans

Agriculture is extremely important to the Bolivian economy, employing 2 percent of the labor force. Farming, fishing, and forestry accounted for 22 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2000. Bolivia’s agriculture suffers from antiquated farming methods, uneven population distribution, and inadequate transportation. Although now self-sufficient in the production of sugar, rice, and meat, Bolivia must still import certain foodstuffs. The chief Bolivian crops are soybeans, sugar, chestnuts, potatoes, cassava, bananas, maize, rice, plantains, and citrus fruits. Fishing is a relatively unimportant industry in landlocked Bolivia. The lack of transportation facilities has prevented large-scale exploitation of wealth in the Bolivian forests, which cover 49 percent of the country’s area, mostly in the east.

Article key phrases:

plantains, cassava, chestnuts, citrus fruits, soybeans, bananas, potatoes, gross domestic product, maize, GDP, rice, forestry, meat, fishing, percent


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