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Brazil, Culture

Brazilian literature, Brazilian culture, Artistic movements, Pernambuco, international arts festival

Cultural development in the colonial period (1500-1822) was primarily a transfer of Portuguese traditions to Brazil, particularly under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church. Architecture was the earliest art form to develop a distinctly Brazilian tradition through the blending of European and African influences. During the 18th century, wealth generated by sugar plantations and gold mines went into the building of flamboyant churches and public buildings in the regions of Bahia, Pernambuco, and Minas Gerais.

After independence in 1822, intellectuals rejected their Portuguese inheritance and sought models elsewhere. Artistic movements from throughout Europe had a significant influence on Brazilian art during the 19th century. A major milestone for Brazilian culture was the Week of Modern Art in Sao Paulo in 1922, an international arts festival that introduced modernist ideas in Brazil. Brazilian modernism emerged in response to artistic movements in Europe and to the social, political, and economic changes that Brazil was experiencing. After its introduction, modernism exercised a powerful influence on Brazilian literature, art, music, and painting. From 1968 to the 1980s the military regime that ruled Brazil repressed artistic expression by censoring the press, popular music and theater, and by establishing state control over radio and television. After the end of military rule in the 1980s, the government lifted restrictions on artists and journalists.

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Article key phrases:

Brazilian literature, Brazilian culture, Artistic movements, Pernambuco, international arts festival, end of military rule, Minas Gerais, sugar plantations, Brazilian art, artistic expression, Sao Paulo, colonial period, gold mines, state control, popular music, Cultural development, economic changes, intellectuals, Roman Catholic Church, journalists, painting, theater, significant influence, radio, restrictions, wealth, Architecture, artists, public buildings, response, television, government, Europe, introduction, models


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