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Government, Legislature

populous states, Congressional candidates, Chamber of Deputies, majority rule, system of proportional representation

Elections for both houses of Congress take place simultaneously. Congressional candidates must be Brazilian by birth. Deputies must be over 21 years of age, and senators must be over 35. Senators are elected by majority rule to serve for eight years, with each of Brazil’s 26 states and the Federal District of Brasilia electing three members. Deputies are elected for four years by a system of proportional representation. There are 513 members in the Chamber of Deputies. Although the number of deputies for each state is theoretically related to its population, this relationship is not strictly observed in practice. For example, the nine least populous states—with 6.5 percent of the population—elect 72 deputies, roughly the same number as the state of Sao Paulo, which has 20 percent of the population. Congress is responsible for all matters within the states, the federal district, and the municipalities. These include fiscal and budgetary matters; international treaties; national, regional, and local planning; and matters dealing with the armed forces and territorial limits.



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populous states, Congressional candidates, Chamber of Deputies, majority rule, system of proportional representation, houses of Congress, international treaties, local planning, senators, armed forces, Elections, population, birth, municipalities, percent, relationship, example, practice, place, members, years of age

 
 

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