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Government, Local Government

American county, urban municipalities, municipio, rural region, population growth

Brazil is divided into 26 states and the Federal District of Brasilia. Each state has a governor and legislature. The basic unit of local government is the municipio (municipality). This is similar to an American county, with an urban seat and a rural region, although the larger cities may be entirely urban municipalities. In 1994 more than two-thirds of the 4,974 municipalities had fewer than 20,000 inhabitants. On the opposite extreme, the municipality of Sao Paulo had over 9 million people. The number of municipalities has increased considerably; in 1950 there were only 1,889. The creation of new municipalities reflects population growth and the advance of populations into unsettled areas. Municipalities are administered by a mayor and council, who deal with matters of local taxation, planning, and basic services.



Article key phrases:

American county, urban municipalities, municipio, rural region, population growth, basic services, legislature, governor, inhabitants, thirds, mayor, fewer, Brazil, council, states, planning, people

 
 

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