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Land and Resources, Natural Resources

Brazil nuts, bauxite, fertile soil, grassland, palm oil

Land is a significant natural resource for Brazil. Although fertile soil is limited, the country produces many different types of crops and livestock. Despite its importance as an agricultural producer, only 40 percent of Brazilís land area is classified as farm land. Moreover, just 6 percent of Brazilís total land area actually produces crops; the remainder is either grassland, woodland, or uncultivated fields. Most of the east and south have been cleared for farming, but 3.31 million sq km (1.28 million sq mi) of rain forest remain in Brazil. These rain forests produce not only timber, but also a range of products such as rubber, palm oil, charcoal, and Brazil nuts.

Mineral resources are particularly important for export and as raw material for industrial use. The most important, in terms of value of output, are iron ore and gold. Copper, zinc, bauxite, manganese, and tin are also significant. Limestone, sea salt, diamonds, and phosphates are leading nonmetallic minerals.

Article key phrases:

Brazil nuts, bauxite, fertile soil, grassland, palm oil, iron ore, phosphates, sea salt, different types of crops, manganese, diamonds, charcoal, farm land, woodland, farming, livestock, timber, raw material, rain forests, importance, industrial use, output, rubber, remainder, export, country, range of products


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