Economy, Forestry and Fishing
softwoods, sardine, forestry industry, mackerel, metric tons
Forests cover 20.8 percent of Chile’s land area. Some 28 million cu m (1 billion cu ft) of timber was cut in 2000. Output consists of both hardwoods (such as laurel) and softwoods (such as pine). Lumber, pulp, and paper are made from the annual timber cut. Targeted for investment since the mid-1970s, the forestry industry accounted for more than 6 percent of annual exports by the early 1990s.
Chile has one of the largest fishing industries in South America. A catch of 6.1 million metric tons was taken in the country’s rich fishing waters in 1997. Principal species include mackerel, anchovy, sardine, and herring. Processing plants pack much of the fish catch for distribution.
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