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History, Independence from Spain

Chilean independence day, Chacabuco, revolutionary leaders, Spanish colonies, Peru

In 1810 Chile joined other Spanish colonies in breaking political ties with Spain. On September 18 of that year, celebrated thereafter as the Chilean independence day, the Santiago town council deposed the colonial governor of Chile, delegating his powers to a council of seven. Although this act marked the formal establishment of Chilean independence from Spain, intermittent warfare against Spanish troops, dispatched from Peru, continued for more than 15 years. In February 1817 nationalist rebels decisively defeated a royalist army at Chacabuco, ending Spanish control of northern Chile. Bernardo O’Higgins, one of the revolutionary leaders, was declared supreme director. One year later O’Higgins proclaimed the absolute independence of Chile. Nevertheless, royalist forces were not completely expelled from the country until 1826.



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Chilean independence day, Chacabuco, revolutionary leaders, Spanish colonies, Peru, powers, Spain, act, country, years

 
 

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