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Economy, Transportation and Communications

Cauca River, Magdalena River, Tumaco, Barranquilla, Santa Marta

The irregular terrain of Colombia makes the construction of roads and railroads costly. Colombia has about 3,154 km (about 1,960 mi) of operated railroad track. Most of the national railroads are feeder lines to the Magdalena River, the main transport artery of the country, which with the Cauca River is navigable for about 1,500 km (about 900 mi). Colombia has no regular passenger rail service. Roads total about 112,988 km (about 70,207 mi), including a part of the Simon Bolivar Highway, linking Caracas, Venezuela, through Bogota and other Colombian towns, with Quito, Ecuador. Air transport was begun in Colombia in 1919, and the country is now served by domestic and international airlines. In 1946 Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador agreed to establish the Great Colombia Merchant Marine; Venezuela withdrew in 1953. The main seaports are Buenaventura, Tumaco, Santa Marta, Barranquilla, and Cartagena.

Article key phrases:

Cauca River, Magdalena River, Tumaco, Barranquilla, Santa Marta, Buenaventura, Cartagena, Caracas, Quito, international airlines, Bogota, Venezuela, Air transport, Ecuador, construction of roads, country


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