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Government, Political Parties

strong central government, separation of church, constitutional amendment, houses of Congress, close relations

Colombia has a relatively free and open political system in which a number of parties participate. The two major parties have traditionally been the Conservative Party (now known as the Colombian Social Conservative Party), favoring strong central government and close relations with the Roman Catholic church, and the Liberal Party, favoring stronger local governments and separation of church and state. Between 1958 and 1974 the Liberals and Conservatives were the only legal political parties in Colombia, owing to a 1957 constitutional amendment intended to defuse the explosive antagonisms between them. Under this arrangement, called the National Front, each party held exactly half the number of seats in each legislative house and in the cabinet and other agencies, and the presidency alternated between leaders of the parties. During the 1980s the Liberals held majorities in both houses of Congress.



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strong central government, separation of church, constitutional amendment, houses of Congress, close relations, Liberal Party, major parties, number of parties, Conservatives, Roman Catholic church, presidency, majorities, arrangement, Liberals, cabinet, number of seats, state, agencies, leaders

 
 

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