Vicente Rocafuerte, Gabriel Garcia Moreno, Gran Colombia, remarkable men, revolutionary government
The first revolt of the colonists against Spain took place in 1809, but it did not last long. A second attempt in 1810 resulted in a revolutionary government that was suppressed by Spanish troops in 1812. Revolutionary forces, led by General Antonio Jose de Sucre, chief lieutenant of South American independence leader Simon Bolivar, did not win final victory until 1822. Ecuador became the Department of the South, part of the confederacy known as the Republic of Colombia, or Gran Colombia, which also included Venezuela, Panama, and Colombia.
In 1830 Ecuador withdrew from Gran Colombia and gained independence under its present name. The first century of the republic is bound up with four remarkable men: General Juan Jose Flores, Vicente Rocafuerte, Gabriel Garcia Moreno, and General Flavio Eloy Alfaro.
Article key phrases: