Land and Resources, Plants and Animals
Ecuador coast, Cordilleras, North American birds, coastal lowlands, Oriente
Along the northern part of the Ecuador coast, and within the inner portion of the southern coast, tropical jungles abound. In some places the jungles extend up the slopes of the Andes as wet, mossy forests. Both flanks of the Cordilleras, as well as the Oriente, are densely forested up to about 3,050 m (about 10,000 ft). At higher elevations, paramo grass predominates.
The animal life of Ecuador is varied. Large mammals include the bear, jaguar, and wildcat, and among the smaller mammals are the weasel, otter, and skunk. Reptiles, including the lizard, snake, and crocodile, thrive on the slopes of the Andes and along the coastal lowlands. Birds are the most varied group, and many North American birds migrate to Ecuador during the northern winter. The Galapagos Islands, with many unusual native animals, serve as a wildlife sanctuary.
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