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History, Ruinous War

Francisco Solano Lopez, President Rutherford, Brazilian army, peace treaties, arbiter

At his death in 1862 Lopez was succeeded by his son, Francisco Solano Lopez. In 1865, looking to build an empire, he led the nation into a war against an alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. The war devastated Paraguay, and when the death of Lopez in 1870 ended the conflict, more than half of the population had been killed, the economy had been destroyed, and agricultural activity was at a standstill. Territorial losses exceeded 142,500 sq km (55,000 sq mi). The country was occupied by a Brazilian army until 1876, and the peace treaties imposed heavy indemnities on the country. In 1878 President Rutherford B. Hayes of the United States was arbiter in the settlement of boundaries between Argentina and Paraguay.



Article key phrases:

Francisco Solano Lopez, President Rutherford, Brazilian army, peace treaties, arbiter, standstill, Hayes, empire, Uruguay, population, Paraguay, conflict, war, son, half, economy, nation, United States, country

 
 

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