Culture, Literature and Music
Manuel Ortiz Guerrero, wooden flutes, Spanish settlers, percussion instruments, harps
Historical and legal writings occupy the leading place in Paraguayan literature; even poetry seldom loses touch with social realities. Among the foremost 20th-century Paraguayan writers are Juan Natalicio Gonzalez and Manuel Ortiz Guerrero.
From remote times, the Guarani have used primitive wind and percussion instruments, mostly wooden flutes, whistles, rattles, and bells. Guitars and harps, introduced by early Spanish settlers, are basic instruments of contemporary Paraguayan music. One of the oldest forms of Paraguayan popular music is the polka, and ballads and songs preserve much of the country’s history and tradition. The Guarania, a song with a flowing lyric melody introduced in the early 20th century, is the first distinctive variation of the Hispanic colonial tradition.
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