subsistence crops, vicunas, root crops, metric tons, hogs
Some 6 percent of Peru’s working population is engaged in farming, forestry, or fishing. Most of the coastal area is devoted to the raising of export crops; on the montana and the sierra are mainly grown crops for local consumption. Many farms in Peru are very small and are used to produce subsistence crops; the country also has large cooperative farms. The chief agricultural products, together with the yield (in metric tons) in 2001, were sugarcane (7.9 million), root crops such as potatoes (4.3 million), rice (2 million), corn (1,418,000), seed cotton (134,300), coffee (158,200), and wheat (190,200). Peru is the world’s leading grower of coca, from which the drug cocaine is refined.
The livestock population included 4.9 million cattle, 14.5 million sheep, 2 million goats, 2.8 million hogs, 690,000 horses, 250,000 mules, and 90 million poultry. Llamas, sheep, and vicunas provide wool, hides, and skins.
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