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Economy, Transportation

Pacasmayo, Pucallpa, Aeroperu, Pan-American Highway, Salaverry

Peru’s system of railroads, highways, and airports was expanded considerably in the second half of the 20th century. The country’s mountains make surface transport difficult, however. In 1999 Peru had about 72,900 km (about 45,298 mi) of roads, of which 13 percent were paved. The main artery is a section of the Pan-American Highway, which traverses Peru from Ecuador to Chile, covering a distance of about 2,495 km (about 1,550 mi). The Central Highway links Lima and Pucallpa. Peru also has about 1,691 km (about 1,051 mi) of railroads. One trans-Andean line, the Central Railroad, ascends to some 4,815 m (15,800 ft) above sea level, the highest point reached by any standard-gauge line in the world. The most notable inland waterway is the Amazon River, which is navigable by ship from the Atlantic Ocean to Iquitos in Peru. Lake Titicaca also serves as a waterway. Leading Peruvian seaports include Callao, Salaverry, Pacasmayo, Paita, and San Juan. The country’s main international airports are situated near Lima, Cuzco, Iquitos, and Arequipa. Aeroperu, the national airline, offers domestic and international service.



Article key phrases:

Pacasmayo, Pucallpa, Aeroperu, Pan-American Highway, Salaverry, Paita, Iquitos, Lake Titicaca, Arequipa, national airline, Amazon River, Cuzco, Central Railroad, Callao, main artery, highest point, international service, sea level, Atlantic Ocean, Ecuador, Chile, highways, San Juan, century, percent, ship, half, distance, world, section

 
 

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