Huancayo, National University of San Marcos, Arequipa, Libertad, Cuzco
The literacy rate in Peru has increased substantially as a result of greater emphasis on education. According to estimates, the adult literate population rose from 42 percent in 1940 to 97 percent in 2001. Public basic education in Peru is free and compulsory for all children between the ages of 6 and 12. Many children in rural areas do not attend secondary school, however, because of a lack of facilities. In 1998-1999 some 4.3 million pupils attended elementary schools, and 2.2 million students were enrolled in secondary and vocational schools.
Peru has more than 45 institutions of higher education, including the National University of San Marcos, in Lima (1551); the National University of Central Peru (1962), in Huancayo; the National University of San Agustin (1828), in Arequipa; the National University of San Antonio Abad (1962), in Cuzco; the National University of La Libertad (1824), in Trujillo; the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (1917), and La Molina National Agrarian University (1902), both in Lima. The National School of Music (1908) is in Lima. Some 755,900 students attended institutions of higher education in 1994.
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