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Suriname, Land and Resources

Coppename, Maroni, bauxite, iron ore, floods

Physiographically, Suriname consists of a swampy coastal plain ranging up to 80 km (50 mi) in width; a central plateau region containing broad savannas, tracts of dunes, and forested areas; and to the south, a densely forested mountainous region. The numerous streams include the Maroni (Dutch Marowijne) River, delineating part of the French Guiana border; the Courantyne (Dutch Corantijn) River, delineating the Guyana border; and the Coppename, Saramacca, and Suriname rivers. The climate is tropical, with annual temperatures between 23 and 32C (73 and 90F). More than 2,000 mm (80 in) of rain falls per year in coastal areas, diminishing to 1,500 mm (60 in) in inland areas. Rainfall is heaviest from December to April, when floods often occur. Surinames chief resources are bauxite, iron ore, copper, nickel, and extensive forests.

Article key phrases:

Coppename, Maroni, bauxite, iron ore, floods, annual temperatures, nickel, Rainfall, climate, copper, coastal areas, south, year, width


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