Government, Health and Welfare
infant mortality rate, Life expectancy, health centers, hospital bed, sickness
The ministry of public health and its various appointed commissions have established health centers and clinics, checked the incidence of tuberculosis, and lowered the infant mortality rate. In 1996 Uruguay had one physician for every 270 inhabitants and one hospital bed for every 228 inhabitants. Life expectancy at birth in 2002 averaged 79 years for women and 72 for men.
The country is noted for its advanced social-welfare programs; coverage includes accidents, occupational illnesses, sickness, old age, maternity, and child welfare. A special fund issues grants to families; and laws have been passed to protect women and minors in employment.
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