Culture and Art, Literature
Delmira Agustini, Ibarbourou, Florencio Sanchez, Horacio Quiroga, Mario Benedetti
Colonial literature was largely limited to science, education, and religion. Uruguay's first noteworthy writer to use gaucho themes was 18th-century poet Bartolome Hidalgo. Although not a gaucho himself, he was one of the first poets to introduce the colorful language of rural folk into poetry. Juan Zorrilla de San Martin wrote Tabare (1886; translated 1956), considered one of the genuine epic poems of America. Tabare describes the clash between Spanish settlers and indigenous people in Uruguay that ended in the destruction of the indigenous culture.
Important writers of the 20th century were essayist Jose Enrique Rodo; novelists and short-story writers Juan Carlos Onetti, Carlos Martinez Moreno, and Mario Benedetti; and poet Julio Herrera y Reissig. Other significant Uruguayan authors of the century include Carlos Reyles, a writer of realistic psychological novels; Horacio Quiroga, one of Latin America’s finest short-story writers; Julio Herrera y Reissig, a complex symbolist poet; and Alberto Zum Felde, a historian and literary critic. Uruguay has also produced many talented women writers, including Delmira Agustini, Juana de Ibarbourou, Sara Bollo, Ester de Caceres, Sara de Ibanez, and Orfila Bardesio. Florencio Sanchez, Latin America's best-known dramatist, wrote realistic plays of national problems around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.
Article key phrases: