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Economy, Transportation

Puerto Cabello, Barquisimeto, north central area, Guaira, Orinoco River

In 1999 Venezuela had 96,155 km (59,748 mi) of roads, of which 34 percent were paved. Highway density was greatest in the north central area, with an extensive highway system under construction to connect major urban centers and remote rural areas. In 1997 the country had only 396 km (246 mi) of operated railroad track, principally a line from Puerto Cabello to Barquisimeto. The leading seaports of Venezuela include La Guaira, Puerto Cabello, and Maracaibo. Transport on interior waterways, particularly the Orinoco River, also is important. Venezolana Internacional de Aviacion (Viasa), the country’s international airline, was transferred from government to private control in 1991. However, Viasa continued to suffer economic losses. The airline filed for bankruptcy in February 1997, after accumulating $220 million in debt in the six years after it was privatized. Six other passenger airlines are based in the country, operating from seven international airports. The largest serve Caracas.

Article key phrases:

Puerto Cabello, Barquisimeto, north central area, Guaira, Orinoco River, Viasa, Maracaibo, Aviacion, bankruptcy, international airports, debt, roads, percent, Transport, government, construction, years


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